revised november, 2011

1. PHILIP, the oldest son, was born in 1794 and baptized at Morr's church in Northumberland County. He first appeared on the tax list of Union Twp, Mifflin Co in 1816 as a "single freeman," meaning that he had turned twenty one the previous year. According to the Ephraim Wian biography he settled in Morrison Cove, Bedford County, Pennsylvania, where he married and had 10 children (15). However his 1817 listing in Union Township as "inmate" suggests that he got married the previous year, and he appears in most of the yearly tax assessments through 1835. He was not listed in the tax lists between 1818 and 1823 and is presumed to be the Philip Wiand listed in the 1820 census of Henderson Twp, in adjoining Huntingdon County. In that census he and his wife had two sons and two daughters all under 10. According to the 1830 census of Union Township Philip Wyant and his wife were born between 1790 and 1800. They had a son and a daughter before 1820, 2 sons and a daughter between 1820 and 1825 and another one of each by 1830. It seems that he only moved to Bedford County after the death of his father around 1836.
Philip Wiant first appears on the tax list of North Woodbury Township in Bedford County, Pa in 1838. He died, intestate, in 1840, before August 24, the first date appearing on his estate papers, at an age of about forty six.
Although his wife was unable to read and write, estate documents indicate that her name was Barbara. These documents show that Philip's estate was insufficient to cover his debts. At the sale of his property his wife was among the buyers, along with Henry, John, and Solomon Wiant - our first indication of names of his children. Henry was the most substantial buyer, suggesting his seniority. There were many other men amongst the buyers - perhaps some will prove to be sons in law.
The 1840 census of North Woodbury listed Henry Wyant as the new head of family, along with his mother and siblings, a brother under 15 and two more under twenty, a sister under 10, one under 15, and two under twenty.
The 1850 census, now with individual names, clarifies things further. Bemry (Barbara) is 55, Henry is 32, John is 31 and Catherine is 30. In a separate listing Solomon is 24, with wife Catherine, 22, and children, Martha, 4, and Albert 1.
We learn a further detail from the 1860 census of Taylor Township, Blair County, where Barbara Wyant (62) is listed with the family of Lydia Ake (34).
For the name of the youngest son of Philip and Barbara, we turn to research of his descendant, John Wyant. According to his obituary, James Wyant was born in Union Township, Mifflin County, February 7, 1830.
From the above records the children of Philip and Barbara Wiant appear to be Henry (1818), John (1819), Catherine (1820), unknown daughter (1821-25), Solomon (1826 - actually 1823), Lydia (1826 - actually 1828), James (1830), unknown daughter (1831-1840). A son and a daughter born before 1820 died before 1830.
Barbara Wyant died Sep. 23, 1871, aged 81, according to her tombstone.
The children of Philip and Barbara Wiant are described in Generation 3a.

2. CATHERINE married William Fleming on November 7, 1816 (15), and settled in Peru Twp, Morrow County, Ohio where she had 14 children - Margaret (1819 - married 1836 William Shoemaker), Lovica, Mary N., Keziah, Margaret, Drusilla (married Sep. 26, 1841), Louisa, Anthony (married Jan 22, 1846), Maria (died young) (85), William (1834), Catherine (1834), David (1835), Martha (1837), and Elizabeth (1839) (16). She and her husband are buried in the Whitehall Cemetery, Peru Township, Morrow County, both dying the same year. Catherine's tombstone gives her death as September 11, 1850, aged 54 years, ? months, ? days, (there is a 2 in either month or day) placing her birth about 1795. (Oddly, the 1850 census was dated Sep 15 and notated Catherine as still alive, aged 55.)

3. ELIZABETH married Isaac Fleming, brother of William, on the same day as her sister Catherine, leaving together for Ohio where they were amongst the early settlers in that state (15). Her children were Sarah (1818), Benjamin (1820), James (1824), Washington (1827), Lydia (1829), Nelson (1832) and Sydney (1848) (16). According to a biography of her son Benjamin (17), Elizabeth was born May 10, 1796. Her tombstone at the Whitehall Cemetery says she died March 5, 1871, aged 74 yrs 9 ms 25 ds, confirming this birth date.

4. MARY, known as Polly, was born about 1798 (16), married Jacob Harman, shoemaker of Union Township, and had 8 children (15) - Isaac (1818), Eliza (1820, married William Wyan), Samuel (1824), Lewis (January 24, 1826) (15), Jackson A. (13 Jan 1829), Mary A. (6 Sep, 1832 married John T. Wion), Catherine (1837), George (1844) (16) (86).

5. MARTHA was born about 1803 according to the 1850 census. She married Robert Sankey (son of William Sankey (31)) of Union Township, and had 4 sons and 3 daughters (15). One son and daughter were born prior to 1830, three more sons (including Jeremiah (1835), John (1837)) and a daughter prior to 1840. Robert Sankey died before 1850 when the census recorded his wife "Matty Sinkey" with children Margaret I., 10, Robert H., 5, and Catherine, 3. In 1860 Martha was living, along with daughter Catherine, in her 23 year old son John's household. The Lewistown Gazette recorded Martha's death at 83 on May 13, 1878, indicating she was born around 1795. Given that Robert Sankey was first listed as a single freeman in 1817 (ie born around 1795) her birthdate was probably closer to 1795 than 1803.
An 1893 obituary of Jeremiah Sankey, of Philipsburg, PA says he was the son of Robert and Martha Sankey of Union Twp., Mifflin County. He was born July, 12, 1835, married Nancy Harmer of McAlevey's Fort, PA. He was survived by two brothers and two sisters. They are John of Belleville, Mifflin County, Robert of Zeiglerville, Mifflin County, Margaret Brown of Milroy and Mrs. Kate Brown of Philadelphia.

6. SUSAN was born about 1795 according to the census but it seems likely, given the birth dates of her children, that she was born later. She married Samuel Harman of Brown Township, Mifflin County, and had one daughter and seven sons (15) - George (1826), Joseph (13 Sep 1829), Samuel F. (13 Sep 1829), Henry (2 April 1832), Solomon (1834), Jacob (1837), and Benjamin (1840) (16 & 86).

7. SOLOMON was born in1803 based on his being first listed as a "single freeman" in 1825. He was listed as single through 1827. He married Catherine Rearick (a daughter of Peter Rearick) (15) about 1828. He did not appear in the 1830 census of Union Township, nor did his name appear on the tax list again until 1837. However in 1840 Solomon Wine already had seven children, the oldest of which was a daughter over 10 who must have died prior to 1850 (unless this female was not his daughter.) "He obtained at home a practical knowledge of farming which was his lifelong business. He was a just and conscientious man and was esteemed by his neighbours and acquaintances." (15). His oldest surviving child was John, born in 1832, followed by Peter (1833), Ephraim (1837), Mary Jane (1839), Levi (1842?), Elizabeth Ann (1844), Catherine (1847) (16), Eliphaz (1850) and Mary M. (1854) (18). Mary Jane and Levi died of lead poisoning around 1853 according to Ephraim Wian's biography (15), but Mary Jane was and Levi was not listed in the 1850 census .
After 1860 Solomon and his wife moved to Centre County, where some of their children had settled, appearing in the 1870 census return of Spring Township in the household of their daughter Mary Mallory. Solomon died there on June 25th, 1879 (19), while his wife lived on until December 14, 1891 (19). The children of Solomon and Catherine Wian are described in Generation 3b.

8. FANNY was born about 1804 (16) and married Irishman Joseph McGirk of neigbouring Granville Township (15). Their 10 children were James (1826), Catherine (1829), Nancy (1831), Mary (1833), Sarah A (1836), William (1839), Francis (1842), Eliza (1845), Susan (1846), and Robert (1848) according to the 1850 census.

9. JOHN was born about 1805 (16) in Union Township and married about1829 Sarah Anderson (15). They had five sons and one daughter. The first child, Alexander, was born in 1830 in Mifflin County(16, 57). It would be quite possible that John might follow his older brother Philip to Bedford County and settle down. No record of such a couple has been found in the 1830 census. However the 1840 census of the Town of Jefferson in Cambria County, which borders Bedford County on the west, lists a John Wiand whose statistics are appropriate. Husband and wife are listed as being under forty. The oldest son is under fifteen (Alexander would have been just ten), and has three brothers between five and ten and a baby sister. We learn from a later census (16) that William was born in 1831, John in 1833, James in 1836, and Nancy in 1838. And in fact we further learn that the youngest son, George, claimed to have been born in Cambria County in 1841 (35). In 1845 John and his family returned to Mifflin County, appearing for the first time on the tax list of Brown Township (which had been formed from the northern half of Union Township in 1836). He appeared yearly through 1850, being listed that year in the 7th census as a resident of Union Township. Whether he died before the 1851 tax list was compiled is not known, but he was not listed. Certainly he died within the decade as the 1860 census shows his widow, Sarah Wien, as a 53 year old resident in the household of Robert and Nancy Salad (presumably her daughter Nancy). The children of John and Sarah Wian are described in Generation 3c.

10. BENJAMIN - On Christmas Day in 1811 Catherine Wiant gave birth to twin sons, Benjamin and James. Benjamin grew up in Union Township and around 1832 married Eve Moser (15) of neighbouring Derry Township. Eve was born January 28,1814 to Daniel and Rosina (Wagner) Moser. The Moser family came from the town of Wingen on the Moder River in what is now Alsace, France, (at that time part of the German Palatinate) to settle in Berks County, Pennsylvania.
Benjamin first appeared on the tax list of 1838 and spent the remainder of his life in Union Township. He and his wife had eight children, 2 sons and 6 daughters. Daniel was the first born in 1833, followed by Mary in 1837, Henry Sanford in 1843, Margaret in 1845, Elizabeth in 1849, Nancy Catherine in 1853, Ellen Jane in 1857, and Harriet Emma in 1860 (18). Benjamin was the only son to own his land. He lived on an eight acre property in Union Township and owned an additional four acres.
Benjamin's death was reported in the Lewistown True Democrat of July 29, 1868 which noted that he had fallen dead on Monday while at work in his oat field.
He died intestate, letters of administration being granted to his widow on September 28th, 1869 (20). The records list the sale of the possessions, including some to son Daniel, as well as the property. According to the law, guardians were appointed for his minor children - the widow for the two youngest and David Weilor for the 16 year old Nancy Catherine (21). Catherine stayed in Union Township for some time, appearing in the1870 census in the household of John Garver. But Eve took Ellen and Emma to Centre County where she joined her son Daniel now farming in Potter Township. Here she outlived her younger son, Henry, who died of consumption at the age of 47, her daughter, Elizabeth, and her youngest child, Emma, who comitted suicide at the age of 37. Eve died three months after this tragedy, on January 4th, 1899, at an age of 85 of what the pastor described as gangrene of the foot (22). She was buried beside her two children in the cemetery at Pleasant Gap in Spring Township, Centre County. The children of Benjamin and Eve Wian are described in Generation 3d.

11. JAMES - The twin brother of Benjamin was born December 25, 1811. He was married in May of 1831 to German born Christiana Eidsel by Justice of the Peace Joseph Adams near Bellville in Union Township (23). They seem to have tried life in Centre County as James Wyan was listed in the 1840 census of Half MoonTownship there with five children. He returned to Mifflin County however, appearing on the Union Township tax list from 1842-45. After this he took his growing family and settled in western Pennsylvania in Elk and Beaver Townships, Clarion County. Both he and his wife were unable to read or write (16) and seem to have been very poor. They produced 12 children over a twenty year period - Anna (1832), Eliza (1835), Mary (1837), James G.(1839), John (1840), Melinda (1843), William and Penina (1845), Frances (1847), Rachel (1849), Barbara (1851) and Harriet (1853).

In this place it is appropriate to mention the civil war which turned the young men of America savagely and pathetically against each other. The opening up of territories in the west and south during the 1850s created political conflicts regarding free and slave labor. This combined with economic conflicts between business men and farmers to create a struggle for power to control national policy. The presidential election of 1860 decided the issue in favor of eastern business and western agriculture, with retention of existing slavery. Although the newly elected president, Abraham Lincoln, did recognise the constitutional right of the southern states to maintain slavery, their mistrust of him and his supporters led them to immediately secede from the Union. In 1861, in the belief that the north would not respond, the army of the southern Confederation attacked Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor. Lincoln's decision to suppress this insurrection started the war. The question of slavery now became a moral issue for both sides to rally support. This culminated in Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation of 1862. Four years and 650,000 deaths later the inevitable subjugation by the North was admitted when General Lee surrendered to General Grant at Appotomax in 1865.

Although the war created a great economic boom for the country as a whole it brought grief and poverty to so many farmers whose sons enlisted and did not return. In July 1861 James Garner, eldest son of James Wion left for the war; in September 16 year old William enlisted and next February 20 year old John joined up too. Through friends who could write they sent letters and money home regularly (23). William describes seeing his brothers, the parades for the general, the attacks against the "rebs" and the deaths of friends from Clarion County. Apart from support money for his parents he specifies money for his youngest sister Harriet. "Garn" was captured at Fredericksburg in December 1862, paroled and wounded in the great battle of Gettysburg the following year, and so survived (24). John and William were part of a force of 3000 Union soldiers defending Plymouth, North Carolina, in the spring of 1864 when the Confederate army attacked on April 18th. On the 20th both were captured when the garrison fell. In his twentieth year William Wion died in the prison at Florence, South Carolina; his brother John lived long enough to be paroled to the north and died of bronchitis before the year was ended (23).

James' request for a pension was denied, and he lived in poverty on his small plot of land until his death on August 12, 1877. He was buried at Shippenville, Clarion County (25). After this his wife was granted a pension. She went to live with her daughter Penina (whose husband had died in the war also) until her death on December 29, 1890, according to her tombstone atUnion Cemetery, Shippenville. The children of James and Christiana Wion are further described in Generation 3e. As will be seen, their only surviving son, James Garner, had no sons himself, thus ending this line.


12. CHRISTIANA was born January 28, 1815 and grew up in Union Township, Mifflin County. Christine married Robert Clark, had a son William, and moved to Illinois according to the Ephraim Wian biography. The 1850 census of Illinois does not list a Robert and Christine Clark. Robert and Christine Clark in fact settled in Iowa, being first listed in the 1850 census of Penn Township, Johnson County with their children William 15, Robert B. 6, John W. 4, and Sarah J. 2. From the 1860 census we learn that Robert 53, Christina 45, and the three sons were all born in Pennsylvania, indicating they moved to Iowa around 1847. There is also a second daughter, Mary E who is 8. In 1880 Christiana, living with her son Robert, was the only child of John and Catherine Wiant still alive. In her listing it is stated that her parents were born in Germany!

13. GEORGE was born in 1818 according to the 1827 listing of poor children of Union Township. He married Mary Anna Hawke and had one child (15). For a family of those times to have only one child was unusual and suggests, perhaps, that the wife died quite young.The sixth son of John and Catherine Wiant first appeared on the tax list of 1841, presumably married as he was not listed as a freeman, and was listed until 1846. In 1848 the listing starts again, but with the notation "single." The "single" George was listed in the 1850 census as a laborer, aged 27. This would make him five years younger than the sixth son of John and Catherine. Was this someone of the next generation - perhaps a son of Philip? Or was this the same George, the "single" indicating that he was no longer married. In 1855 a second George was mentioned as working for Benjamin Wian, and after that there is no further mention of any George in Union Township. George Wyan reappeared in Ohio, living with Isaac and Elizabeth Fleming (see 3 above). He stayed in Ohio and died August 5th, 1869, being buried near Catherine and Elizabeth Fleming in the Whitehall Cemetery. His birth date there is given as January 16, 1821.

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